Catherine Miller

Donate to the Society through Amazon Smile

For those of you who order from Amazon online, here is some information about a way to donate to the BBNWR Society. Just log in to Amazon using this:
The password is the same as your regular Amazon account.
The Amazon site will ask you which charity/non-profit you want to donate to and you would type in: Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society.
Amazon will donate 0.5% of the price of your eligible purchases to the Society.
Be sure to sign in through each time. It will remember your charity.
Thank you for considering this way to help the Society continue projects on the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge for the betterment of the environment and the wildlife.
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Final Dewberry Study for VB

This is the final version of the Dewberry Report on possible actions to be taken for sea level rise and flooding in Virginia Beach.  Please take a look.

20210209 Initial_PASAE_FinalReport.pdf (


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Letter to BBNWR Society Members

Hello Members:

The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society’s 2020 Annual Report is attached.  The year 2020 presented many challenges, all the while your Society and the Refuge continued their collaborative work to conserve, protect and enhance the natural resources of this unique ecosystem, and to set the stage for increased volunteer activities in the coming year.

The Society’s Board of Directors devoted much of its effort during the early part of 2020 to completing the administrative requirements necessary to become the official US Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) Friends Group dedicated to the support of the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge; a major milestone we are proud of.

COVID-19 infection-control protocols mandated by the FWS to protect its volunteers and employees remained in effect through 2020 curtailing volunteer activities on the Refuge.  Among the Society’s successes while working under these restrictions, was the creation and installation of plant identification placards along the Raptor Trail, be sure to check them out during your next visit to the Refuge.  The Society also continued to strengthen its organizational and administrative procedures, and identify additional volunteer based projects beneficial to the Refuge.

We are hopeful as CDC protocols evolve, volunteers will be able to resume work on these and future projects.  In the meantime, the Society continues its work holding virtual Board meetings and identifying meaningful projects.  Continue checking our web and social media sites for updates, links are included in the Annual Report.

Please share our story and invite others to take advantage of the Society’s free membership  Thank you for supporting the Society and the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge.

Richard Dyer, President BBNWR Society

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Spring Has Come Our Way by Laura McMahon

Spring has come our way!

Rain for days, cold mist and haze; will it never end?
Listen closely!  Catch a note!  Sweet tunes play on the wind!
Birds sing with greater gusto; melodic voices rise,
A song of joy is lifted, echoing through the skies!
Solo, duet, or chorus; arrangement small or large,
The concert has begun now, performance free of charge!

Flowering plant and climbing vine, push through the loamy soil,
Stalk and tendril reaching up, steady in their toil,
Striving towards the sunshine, straining for the light,
Patiently, they persevere; new blooms are within sight!

Stark silhouettes of barren trees, strong sentinels standing guard,
Keep watch as tender leaves spring forth, protected in their arms.
Plump buds swell, with stories to tell, of promises deep inside,
Roll call begins!  Blossoms, fall in!  Don’t wait! For now’s the time!

Photo courtesy of BBNWR Society photo gallery

Ripples on the surface, hints of creatures down below,
Some just waking from their naps, eager for the show,
Seeking sun and sustenance, feeding appetites,
Otter, turtle, fish and frog; the waters come to life!


Sparkling seas, steady bay breeze; salt spray and rustling reeds,
Bountiful treasure, gifts without measure, refresh, restore, relieve!
Currents carry travelers, pushed and pulled along,
Slip streamers draft on wind and wave, and join the merry throng!

Winter darkness, accept defeat – the odds are surely stacked!
Light lingers ever longer now; day mounts its great comeback.
Morning wakes with dappled rays, breaks its fast from night,
Divine design, on full display, with brilliance and with might!
Beautiful skies-most glorious!  At last, the sun is all victorious!
Each rising and setting inspiring, uplifting; colors and patterns transform, ever shifting!

Spring has come our way!

On life’s cold, dark path of winter, hang on, and don’t despair,
Just around the bend – not far – a change is in the air.
Tomorrow brings new chances, a new day for us to seize,
Challenges and blessings, too; new possibilities.

Don’t look back at winter, it’s fading, nearly gone,
Forge ahead toward brighter days that sing a sweeter song.
Just ahead, there’s so much more, fresh vistas coming up,
You’re almost at the summit, now; press on, and never stop!

Soon, you’ll arrive, gratitude, deep inside; for the fruition of a promise:
Winter’s dark grip has gone, it’s passed the baton!  Bright days are surely upon us!
Spring speaks of hope and wonder; joy waiting at the gates,
Hold on; have faith; believe and trust; life’s brand new day awaits!

Welcome, Spring!

“See you down at the refuge!”




The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society depends on donations to fund programs and projects that directly support the Refuge.  To make a donation click here .


The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society (Society) is a 501(c) (3) nonprofit organization whose purpose is to promote and support Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge (BBNWR) in its mission to conserve, protect, and enhance natural resources; through advocacy, outreach, education, fund raising, and projects for the betterment of BBNWR.  For more information regarding how to become involved, click here.

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Fun and Games by Laura McMahon

Fun and Games

Do you remember the fun you had as a child?  What were your favorite things to do?

I’m grateful for happy childhood memories.  There were lots of things I enjoyed about my younger years, but I especially loved playing games. Board games, card games, outdoor games – they were all great ways to pass the time and have some fun.  Now that I’m an adult, “Red light, Green light” and “Risk” just don’t seem to show up on my agenda too much anymore (unless, of course, we’re talking about dealing with local traffic!), but that doesn’t mean my play days are over.  There are still plenty of opportunities for fun and games, no matter how many trips we’ve made around the sun.

I’ve learned a few important lessons from playing games with others.  Games build bridges and forge connections; they help us learn and grow.  Games spark creativity and allow us to take ourselves (and maybe even life!) a little less seriously.  Play benefits us in so many ways; it’s good for the body and soul, and keeps us young at heart.  Best of all, each time we play together, it’s like we’re making micro-deposits into one another’s care accounts.  Over time, these little deposits pay huge dividends.

One of my family’s favorite dinnertime games was “Guess my animal”, our abbreviated version of the parlor game “20 Questions”, made popular back in the 1940’s.  The object?  One person chooses an animal; the rest try to guess it in 20 questions or less.  After a long day of school or work, we all looked forward to squeezing in a little friendly competition over some small talk and shish kebobs.

When the kids were little, the game was fairly simple.  But as our offspring sprouted up, so did the difficulty level of our gregarious guessing game.  Like most of their peers, our children’s vocabulary and knowledge grew rapidly, almost as fast as their appetites and shoe sizes.  As they graduated through the grades, pee wee probes such as, “Does it have fur?” and “Can it swim?” were soon replaced with more sophisticated queries such as:  “Is it an indigenous species to Virginia?”, and “Is it an invertebrate?”  My husband and I were often quite impressed with our small fry’s animal acumen.

And yet, kids will be kids; they say and do the “darndest” things.  On more than one occasion, our little flock experienced maddening mishaps and mischievous mayhem.

For example, sometimes a child chose an animal he knew relatively little to nothing about; in these instances, the game soon went to the dogs.  Conversations fizzled; interest levels crashed and burned. Once the last  forkfuls of chicken pot pie had been shoveled down the hatch, diners politely excused themselves from the table, made a beeline for the couch, and geared up to spar with more rigorous competition, the likes of which could be found on Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy.

“Expressions for $400, please.”
 A four-letter word conveying resigned disappointment
“What is: sigh?”



Other times, unbeknownst to the rest of us, a child changed his animal mid-flight and sent us on “wild-goose” chases, lasting well past dinner and dessert, bumping right up into bedtimes.
(Hmmm…could these have actually been cleverly designed detours…?)

At times like these, somebody usually cried foul and lodged a formal complaint; they threw down the guessing game gauntlet:  “Hold your horses! You said it had feathers, now you’re telling me it’s cold-blooded?!
I demand an explanation!”  Glares were exchanged; tempers flared; arguments erupted.

It was a bit comical, honestly, but we adults knew something had to be done.  In the spirit of maintaining peace and harmony (and to keep everyone on speaking terms at the bus stop the next day), we decided to take the bull by the horns, and instituted some much-needed rules:

1.  First and foremost, players must have one animal in mind when starting, and may not change it.
2.  Players may not use any helps of any kind.
3.  Players may purposefully not mislead others when answering questions.
4.  No rapid-fire questions.
5.  All questions asked must be able to be answered with a simple “yes” or “no”.
6.  Everyone must participate.

The plan worked!  It could have been because breaking a rule meant no dessert (just kidding, Nana!), or it could have been just plain luck, but our little plan worked!  We may not have experienced rainbows and butterflies each time we played, but for the most part, the clearly defined expectations helped to keep us on track.

If one of us had just come through a particularly rough day, a quick round of “Guess my Animal” helped smooth out rough edges and blow off some steam.  By taking the time to talk and play with one another, we were reminded of two important truths:  Things were probably not as bad as they seemed; and what’s more we had someone in our corner who cared.  Little deposits pay huge dividends…

Sure, we discovered lots of cool facts about animals of all shapes and sizes by playing our little game.  But more importantly, we learned the value of taking turns and playing by the rules.  We honed our conversational skills, we practiced being good sports, and we disagreed respectfully (most of the time). We playfully poked at one another and laughed at our own foibles.  Best of all, we learned the importance of family fun time.

Playing and having fun with others speaks volumes.  It says, “I enjoy spending time with you. You matter to me.”
Micro-deposits of caring.  Couldn’t we all use some more of that these days?

On a recent visit to the refuge, I couldn’t help but wonder about our feathered, finned, and furry friends ….did they take time to play, too?  As I cruised along the coastline, it sure seemed that way.  I watched swift sanderlings playfully dive and swoop incredibly close to one another, then turbo-jet away, as if to say, “Tag! You’re it!”

                                      Sanderlings play a quick game of catch me if you can!

Later, it seemed as though they were pretending to be 747s taxiing down the shore’s runway, using fast and fancy footwork for their “wheels”.


                                                                    Ready for take-off!


We were excited to spot a pod of dolphins frolicking together in the ocean; it sure looked like they were having tons of fun as they splashed and swam southward.  What a treat to witness several of them show off and surf the waves like pros!


                                                                     Slip-sliding away

Back near the Visitor Center, we observed wading birds play a friendly little game of “follow the leader” as they moved through the marsh together, respectfully giving each other safe “social distancing”.

Perhaps all creatures, great and small, engage in “play”.


Thinking back on our family game, my favorite “Guess my Animal” question was “Have we seen it in our yard?”
The possibility of finding out about a creature that one of us had seen on our property added a new dimension of fun and wonder to our competition, and often sparked convivial conversations about shared memories.

So, in the spirit of having fun and sparking memories, I thought I’d test your knowledge about a few of the animals (and other natural things) spotted in and around our communal back yard: the refuge.  Are you game?!

I’m calling it “Guess my animal 2.0”.  Settle in and grab a snack; if you’re playing with someone else, maybe do “rock, paper, scissors” to decide who gets to go first.  Good luck, have fun, and until next time…

“See you down at the refuge!”

*Answers listed at the bottom. No peeking until you’re all done making your guesses!

  1. I “spotted” the pretty little feather below while beachcombing one morning as my husband
    fished. Clue:  This diving bird has a call that’s distinct and haunting, and in popular culture, these calls have become a “symbol of the wilderness”.  What’s the bird?
  2.   People often refer to the soft black pouch below as “a fashion accessory of a mythical half-human sea creature.” A. What’s the fanciful term they use?  B. List its actual name.  C. What vertebrate hatches  from this pouch?


  1. This shell absolutely fascinated me (it still does!). What do you think caused all the tiny holes?
    B. What other organism do you see evidence of on the shell?  (“zoom in” to see some cool “remnants”!)



  1. Check out these tracks we saw on the trail near the Visitor Center.
    What nocturnal mammal do you think made these tracks?  B.  What is this animal’s
    most heightened sense?
      C.  What is the male of this animal called?

  1. This wading bird uses its long curved bill to feel around below the water’s surface for tasty treats. When it detects something, it plucks its prey out, using its bill like a pair of tweezers.
      What is the name of this bird?  B.  What do these birds like to eat?  (List 3 things)
    C.  What is a group of these birds called? 




  1. Common loon. What beautiful birds!  I had no clue what bird this feather came from! Thankfully, I  discovered this cool feather atlas – check it out!  Use the “identify” tab if you have a feather you’d like to match to its owner.
  2. 2A. mermaid’s purse;  2B. skate egg case; 2C. a skate.  Read about the difference between skates and rays and other interesting facts.
  3. 3A.  boring spongeSo cool! Read more about what makes these holes
    3B. barnacles
  4. 4. raccoon  4B. touch  4C. boar
  5. 5A. white ibis; 5B. insects, crustaceans, crayfish, earthworms, marine worms, crabs, fish, frogs, lizards, snails, and newts (you name it!)
    5C. congregation, stand, or wedge

    Thanks for playing! 

The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society depends on donations to fund programs and projects that directly support the RefugeTo make a donation click here .

The Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society (Society) is a 501(c) (3) nonprofit organization whose purpose is to promote and support Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge (BBNWR) in its mission to conserve, protect, and enhance natural resources; through advocacy, outreach, education, fund raising, and projects for the betterment of BBNWR.  For more information regarding how to become involved, click here.

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Part of new Dune Trail complete

We are excited to announce an improved Dune Trail experience! The first half of the Dune Trail has been completely rebuilt and the viewing platform raised. Once again when standing on the platform you can see both ocean and bay! (Those who have frequented the refuge for many years will have noticed that the dunes and the shrub-scrub had grown up and impeded these views on the old trail.)
The second half of the trail, from the viewing platform to the beach, is not yet complete. However, we wanted to share the new platform with you as soon as possible. We hope you will enjoy the improved trail!
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Hungry White Ibis

Yesterday 12/30 at BBNWR this White Ibis adult caught a fish in the impound by the parking lot. It took about 5 minutes to crush, crunch, and squash the fish breaking its bones, then in a flash it swallowed and the fish was down the hatch. Submitted by Society Board member Reese Lukei


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BBNWR Society Newsletter Issue 2 December 2020


Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society

1324 Sandbridge Road Virginia Beach, VA ∙ 23456


Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Society Newsletter

Issue 2, December 2020


In compliance with Refuge COVID-19 restrictions, the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge closed the Visitor Contact Station and restricted volunteer activities.  While this has put a damper on some projects, the Society Board of Directors and Refuge staff continue to meet virtually.  We anticipate meeting in person and forming project teams inclusive of volunteers as conditions improve.  Considering COVID-19 group restrictions, the Board of Directors decided to cancel the annual meeting proposed for early 2021.


As a reminder, to minimize disturbance of wintering waterfowl the Refuge east and west impoundment dike trails are closed south of the waterfowl observation shelter between November 1 and March 31.  Access remains available on trails near the Visitor Contact Station, along the beach, and in Back Bay waters.



Pollinator Garden

The Refuge staff and Society team have identified several areas around the Visitor Center that would benefit from establishing pollinator gardens.  A Pollinator Garden project will not only provide an aesthetic benefit to the Visitor Contact Center, but beneficial plants will be incorporated to support pollinators and educate the public of the symbiotic relationship between plants and animals.  The project goal is to plant and maintain three primary garden zones, which will be developed in phases over the next two years.  Development of the project will henge upon available resources and the COVID restrictions.

With the aid of volunteers (COVID restrictions permitting), phase 1 of the Pollinator Garden is slated for planting, within modified beds adjacent to the Visitor Center west and north sides.  The removal of some gallberry bushes will be followed with soil amendments, and populated with native and diverse plants including:  grasses, bulbs, plugs, seeds, and flowering species that bloom throughout the season.  This layering of native habitat will add visual dimension and support butterflies, bees, ladybugs, crickets, praying mantises, grasshoppers, aphids, and assorted beetles.  Such a diverse habitat will draw spiders, turtles, frogs, and birds to eat the insects.

The Pollinator Garden project will depend on seasonal planting and volunteerism throughout the year.  Weed, cut back, and seed harvesting will be required to ensure a managed, and sustained environment for the pollinators and also provide enjoyment for visitors.

Phase 1 is budgeted at $2,200, which covers plants, seeds, and 8” of soil amenities such as seed starting mix, compost, and top soil.  Many thanks to Master Gardner, Marjorie Thompson for managing this project and providing photo.


Osprey Nest Platforms

The Osprey Nesting Platform Program continues to build on its accomplishments of last winter when two new platforms were erected and two existing platforms repaired.  This Fall the Program Manager, Charlie Ellin surveyed Back Bay, mapped locations of the few remaining old platforms and identified locations for 4 new platforms.  Three of the new platform locations are visible from the West Dike Trail and located in sections of the marsh with native vegetation.

The Society had optimistically planned to complete these new installations in the Fall of 2020, in time for the 2021 osprey nesting season; nest boxes fabricated, and poles, mounting hardware, and a jet pump were sourced.  The Refuge continues to operate under Fish and Wildlife Service mandated COVID-19 restrictions regarding volunteer activities.  These restrictions specifically exclude the close contact required to erect the awkward and heavy (approximately 160 pound) nesting platform structures from a boat.  While we are hopeful the restrictions will be eased soon, this phase of the program is on a temporary ‘pause’.  In the mean time we continue to explore funding sources to support this next phase estimated at $895 and program enhancements such as use of the Osprey Watch website to track and document nesting activity, and placement of interpretive signage at nesting platform observation sites.  Stay tuned, your comments and suggestions are welcomed, and volunteer opportunities will soon abound!

What You Can Do

It’s understandable that vegetation plays such a beneficial role in reducing Non-Point Source (NPS) pollution by buffering urban, suburban, and agriculture run off into Back Bay and other waterways.  Trees absorb large quantities of water through their roots and transport that water via foliage, where it evaporates into the atmosphere.  This evapotranspiration (ET) reduces runoff carrying capacity of excess nitrogen, fecal matter, sediment, and chemicals that diminish water quality.  ET is particularly beneficial in the Back Bay watershed where sea level rise and subsidence contribute to inland flooding.  The need for ET is extra critical when strong south winds push and trap bay and rain water into the upland bay watershed.  Of equal importance, trees provide food and shelter for wildlife, summertime cooling, and are also a major absorber of atmospheric carbon dioxide.  Trees offer additional benefits of attenuating neighborhood noise, increasing property values, and for blocking cold north winds and artificial lighting.

December is a perfect time to plant trees because growth slows and root stabilization can occur before the hot growing season.  Larger trees offer more advantage; however, be careful not to select a tree that will outgrow its surroundings, especially near overhead cables.  When selecting trees, also consider crown size/shape/height, soil moisture tolerance, brittleness, surface roots, and pest resistance.  For tree selection ideas visit the Norfolk Botanical Gardens ; Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center Virginia Beach ; and the USFWS publication Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping, Chesapeake Bay Watershed


Featured Wildlife:  The Bald Eagle (haliaeetus leucocephalus) photos and article by Reese F. Lukei, Jr.

Worldwide there are 75 species of Eagles that are classified into four groups – sea or fish eagles such as the Bald Eagle, booted eagles like the Golden Eagle, snake eagles found mostly in Africa like the Bateleur, and giant forest eagles like the Harpy Eagle of Central America.  Eagles inhabit every continent except Antarctica.


Two eagles are widely found in the United States.  The Golden Eagle is located mostly in the western parts of our country, but is native to the mountains of Virginia.  They are occasionally seen during the winter months over the Eastern Shore of Virginia.  It ranges throughout the Western Hemisphere, Europe and Asia.  Two species of sea eagles, White-tailed and Steller’s are rare visitors to Alaska’s coasts and islands.


The Bald Eagle is found only in North America.  Its name is derived from the old English word “balde” which means white.  The scientific name Haliaeetus leucocephalus means “fish eagle with white head”.  Bald Eagles generally take five years to mature and achieve the familiar white head and tail.  Young (immature) Bald Eagles are dark brown with some white speckling.  As they age during their second through fourth years (called sub-adult) they have a more varied number of white feathers, especially on their underside.


Golden Eagles and Bald Eagles are approximately the same size and are the largest raptors (birds of prey) in North America.  The female is larger than the male, a characteristic common in raptors.  They have a wing span of 6 to 7 feet.  The female in this region weighs 8 to 12 pounds, and the male about 7 to 10 pounds.  Bald Eagles in northern regions like Alaska are larger while those in southern regions like Florida are smaller.  In the wild they can live up to 28 years and in captivity up to 40 years.


Bald Eagles are thought to have the best eyesight of any animal, having about twice the resolving power of the human eye.  The retina has two focusing foveae (human eyes have only one) which allows them to use both eyes together (binocular vision like humans) for telescopic viewing, or each eye independent (monocular vision) for up close viewing.  They see in color with night vision being about the same as ours.

Bald Eagles mate for life and can produce young for over 20 years.  In Virginia they usually lay one to three off-white eggs in January or February and incubate them for 35 to 38 days.  The young typically fledge (fly) in 10 to 13 weeks, then spend 4 to 6 weeks near their nest, where the adults continue to feed them.  The nest is usually in a tall Loblolly Pine tree, but other trees and sometimes man-made structures are used.  In the past couple years eagle nests have been located on the ground on the Eastern Shore.


The diet of Bald Eagles varies, but consists largely of fish that they locate from a tree perch along the edge of a lake or river.  They are scavengers rather than hunters, and feed mostly on sick or injured prey.  They will eat carrion (decaying animals) and take advantage of any opportunity.


Like many species, the Bald Eagle population was severely diminished by human use of persistent pesticides like DDT.  In 1972 there were 32 pair of breeding Bald Eagles in Virginia who produced 18 young.  As a result of federal and Virginia protection measures, good land management practices, and constant monitoring, their current population has recovered to more than 1,000 breeding pair.  In recent years Bald Eagles have begun to establish their nests in urban areas like Hampton Roads.  In 1994 the federal and Virginia status of the Bald Eagle was changed from endangered to threatened.  In June 2007 the Bald Eagle was removed from the endangered/threatened list.  Today they are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

The Virginia nest locations, projects, data, satellite tracking, and banding of Bald Eagles can be viewed at The Center for Conservation Biology web site


Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge News

Recovering the last turtle nest of the season

On November 6, the biology crew excavated their final loggerhead sea turtle nest of the season.  This was the eleventh nest and it was laid on August 28.  Storms in early September caused the ocean to wash over the nest at only three weeks of incubation.  The Refuge staff left the nest to incubate for 70 days before excavating.  Upon excavation they found that 29 cm of sand had accumulated and Refuge interns had to use team work to retrieve the eggs.  The total nest contained 128 eggs; however, none of them made it past early development.  This is common for late nests.

Habitat management:  prescribed burn in B-pool impoundment

On November 10, fire crews from Great Dismal Swamp NWR and Alligator River NWR joined forces at Back Bay NWR to eradicate stands of invasive Phragmites.  Weather and personnel issues interrupted the prescribed burn for nearly 4 years.  With the help of wind and dry grass Fish and Wildlife Service experts achieved a mosaic burn through the impoundment that knocked back Phragmites and other perennials that restricted beneficial plant growth and had choked up waterfowl habitat.  Marsh birds and waterfowl alike were enjoying the newly burned zone by the next day!

Photo and report by:  Lauren Mowbray; head fires running across B-pool lit by marsh master crews.

Dune Trail

Except for some delays, resulting from increased materials demand due to COVID-19, the dune trail boardwalk replacement is nearly completed.

The original trail was constructed in 1978/79 by the Young Adult Conservation Corps.  By 1992 the rough environment took its toll and a group of long-time Refuge volunteers namely “The Crew” redesigned and rebuilt the entire structure.  The boardwalk contractor was very impressed by the construction quality of the boardwalk, especially when hearing “The Crew” volunteer Reese Lukei explain how their team humped in every post.  28 years is an impressive lifecycle, especially on the hostile Refuge dunes.

Thank You

The Society is disheartened by the impacts of COVID-19 on its initiatives, especially involving volunteers; nevertheless, we are optimistic that projects will continue as medical and contagion protections evolve.  In the mean-time Refuge visitation has exploded.  Even recreational patrons can’t help being influenced by the stunning beauty and appreciation of and connection to the BBNWR natural environment.  It is because of this interest the Society will continue to plan projects within pandemic restrictions that meet our mission.  Projects do however require financial resources.  While we will continue seeking partners and grants, most support comes from member donations.  We hope you consider making a contribution in the concluding 2020 tax season.  Regardless, we appreciate your interest and hope you continue a close connection to Back Bay through the Society’s free membership.


With sincere gratitude, thank you for supporting the Refuge and Society!  


Society Vision Statement:  A sustainable Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge that is responsive to diverse native wildlife and habitat maintained in a healthy ecosystem as a contributing link in the migration chain of the Atlantic Flyway

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